The Central Asian Shepherd Dog!

The Central Asian Shepherd dog is part of the troika that is made up of the Caucasian Ovcharka and the South Russian Sheepdog. It is a strong, powerful dog and this is seen by appearance alone. The body is longer than its height, and its thick coat can either be long or short. The Central Asian Shepherd dog has a large chest and a wide, strong back. In some countries, owners and breeders dock both the tail and the ears to help it fight better against aggressors. They are very good guard dogs, a skill for which they were originally bred.

Some Quick Facts:

Life Expectancy:
12-15 years

Energy Level:
Calm towards family.

Living Conditions:
Indoor life is fine, but small apartments will not work.


Exercise Needs:
Daily walk or jog.

Breed Group:


24-32 inches

90 – 175 pounds

Standard Hair Colors:
Black, white, gray, russet, brindle, parti-color

National breed club:
The Central Asian Shepherd Society of America

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Skills

Although its true origins are cloudy and hazy, it is generally thought that the Central Asian Shepherd dog is around 4,000 years old, descended from the Tibetan Mastiff. They hailed from the areas of Russia, Siberia, and Afghanistan and were originally used to guard flock and livestock, a skill that they still hold until today. They were also used to protect owners and families. Today, they are not as widespread in Russia although they are beginning to grow in popularity in the United States.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog Personality

The Central Asian Shepherd dog is nowhere near as fierce and aggressive as the Caucasian Ovcharka. It is known for its calm and fearless demeanor toward its family. As guard dogs, they are naturally suspicious of strangers and have also been known to dominate other dogs of different breeds when they are taken outside the house. Inside, however, the Central Asian Shepherd dog gets on well with other animals such as cats and other dogs. They must be taught to socialize from a young age, however, in order for it to feel comfortable around others.

Exercise Needs

Although they are large in size and look as if they lumber across the room, in truth they are very alert and agile. They are great to take along on walks, jogs, and runs. They need to be exercised daily.

Living Conditions

The Central Asian Shepherd dogs are more comfortable outdoors although they can adapt to indoor living. A small apartment is not recommended given their temperament and size. If there is a large yard that is fenced, that means more work for them with regard to guarding.

Grooming Requirements

The Central Asian Shepherd dog does not need to be professionally groomed; sticks and weeds do not get caught in its coat and dirt and mud will was right off. They shed heavily during the springtime and continue on with light shedding throughout the year. Make sure that it gets brushed so as to remove stray, dead hairs.

Health Issues

While the Central Asian Shepherd dog is considered a healthy breed, it's best to watch out for elbow and hip dysplasia.

If you liked this dog…

...try looking at the South-Russian Sheep dog, part of the aforementioned troika. It has similar talents and characteristics and is a hard-working dog that doubles as a great companion pet as well.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog


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