The Bernese Mountain Dog!

The Bernese mountain dog is a breed that is instantly marked by its beautiful tricolor coat of black, white, and rust. Ideally the white color runs through the cheeks, head, and toes. Its medium-length coat can either be wavy or straight. A strong dog with thick bones, its head is broad and its ears are slightly triangular. Although it has a compact body, its chest is wide. The tail is bushy and long.

Some Quick Facts:

Life Expectancy:
7-9 years

Energy Level:
Less than average; gentle.

Living Conditions:
Should have a yard. Not great for apartments.


Exercise Needs:
Regular walks. Minimal exercise while puppy to prevent joint problems.

Breed Group:


23 – 28 inches

80 – 120 pounds

Standard Hair Colors:
Black with white patches on the body and tan markings on the chest, feet, and face.

National breed club:
The Bernese Mountain Dog Club of America

Bernese Mountain Dog Skills

The origins for the Bernese mountain dog are said to come from mastiffs that were brought over nearly 2,000 years ago by the Romans. They were crossed with flock herding dogs and the breed is thought to have come from Swiss villages. The Bernese mountain dog breed nearly died out in the 1800s due to the overwhelming popular of the Saint Bernard but their number was stabilized by Herr Albert Heim. Originally they were used for farm work (a skill they still hold) and its other skills include herding, tracking, and search & rescue.

Bernese Mountain Dog Personality

The Bernese mountain dog is friendly, affectionate, and gentle when socialized well as a puppy and like to be around people. Although they are relatively easy to train, they are also intelligent and can act as a guard dog or a watch dog even if they are not too aggressive by nature. The Bernese mountain dog relates well with other pets and animals and is very good-natured.

Exercise Needs

The Bernese mountain dog is fine with some daily walks; it does not require a lot of exercise. A lot of care needs to be taken care of during the first six months of the Bernese mountain dog, though; exercise should be restricted to the yard and garden

Living Conditions

While apartment-dwellers can keep a Doberman, it is more ideal for this breed to have a yard to run in. It is also helpful to note that Dobes are very sensitive to cold climates, so it cannot stay outside at night for very long periods.

Grooming Requirements

Owners will need to groom the Bernese mountain dog daily in order to prevent the coat from matting and tangling. The Bernese mountain dog is a seasonal shedder, although when it does shed, it sheds a lot.

Health Issues

The Bernese mountain dog is susceptible to joint problems, especially as it grows bigger during the first years. The Bernese mountain dog is also known to contract cancer more than any other breed, which accounts for a suspended life span. Other health issues include some cleft palate, bloating and possible eye problems.

If you liked this dog…

...try looking at the Saint Bernard, a member of the same breed group. The Saint Bernard is a large, intelligent, loyal dog that can also act as a good watch dog and is easy to train.


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